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Traits in Agriculture » Drought Tolerance

Title: The Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA) project: Real or False Solution to Climate Change?
Publication date: August 01, 2017
Posting date: August 01, 2017

The African Centre for Biodiversity
www.acbio.org.za
PO Box 29170, Melville 2109 South Africa
Tel: +27 (0)11 486 1156 

 

Dear friends and colleagues

The Water Efficient Maize for Africa (WEMA) project aims to produce drought-tolerant and insect-protected maize varieties, both conventional and genetically modified (GM), for Africa. While there is no doubt that the climate change problem for farmers is very real and tools are needed for them to be able to adapt and to increase their resilience, the WEMA project deserves further scrutiny, not only for the GM component, which raises biosafety and other concerns, but also for the model of agriculture it is promoting.

A recent civil society knowledge and information sharing on the WEMA project brought together representatives from civil society organisations from the five WEMA countries (Kenya, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania and Uganda) to discuss the project. The meeting was organized by the African Centre for Biodiversity (ACB) and the Kenya Biodiversity Coalition (KBioC) and held in Naivasha, Kenya from 19 to 21 July 2017. Lim Li Ching from the Third World Network writes about the event, which provided an opportunity to participants to commit to working together.

Several concerns were raised about the GM drought-tolerant maize, including whether or not genetic engineering is fit for purpose in this case, given that drought is a complex challenge that doesn’t lend itself to single gene solutions.  Moreover, the GM drought-tolerant maize will not be available without the insect-resistant trait, and participants wondered why a failed event such as MON 810 was being ‘donated’ to four of the five countries (South Africa, which has phased out MON 810 maize due to the development of insect resistance, will be donated a two-toxin event instead).  

Participants also discussed alternative solutions to climate change, such as agroecology. Time and again, we have seen that real solutions do not lie with corporations or the industrial model of agriculture, but are instead in the hands of farmers and farmer-managed seed systems.

Download Li Ching's blog here.


Kind regards Mariam and ACB team

 


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