The challenge for countries, especially developing countries and countries with economies in transition, is the formulation of national policies and regulatory frameworks to ensure biosafety. The holistic approach to biosafety encompasses scientific, ecological, health, social, economic, cultural and ethical dimensions in the context of the precautionary principle. It also requires a long term perspective in assessing technology and its products.
A comprehensive biosafety policy will need to be accompanied by and integrated with policies in other related fields such as agriculture, science and technology, industrial development, health, biodiversity and environmental protection. An important element would be options for non-gene technology approaches to achieving a stated objective such as increased agricultural productivity, pest and disease management or environmental remediation. For developing countries with limited resources and/or alternative knowledge and practices in farming and health systems, this approach can be both cost-effective and ensures the further strengthening of national capacities and sovereignty over food, nutrition and health. A regulatory framework includes a national law, subsidiary regulations, administrative measures and implementation/enforcement mechanisms. Underlying this is the generation and flow of information and knowledge on biosafety that can be part of the public domain to ensure public participation and ever-deepening understanding and implementation of biosafety.
This section provides some information on the experiences of countries and regions.

Oregon Farmers Struggle to Control GE Bentgrass

GE bentgrass tolerant to Roundup is growing extensively in Malheur County, Oregon, creating huge problems for farmers who cannot control it, and exposing weaknesses in the oversight of GE plants and field testing in the United States. […]

EU Court of Justice Rules that Gene-Edited Organisms Are GMOs and Subject to GMO Regulations

The EU Court of Justice has ruled that organisms obtained by the new generation of gene editing techniques are GMOs and are subject to the obligations laid down by GM regulations of the EU. […]

Genome Editing: Legal Expert Criticises Opinion of Attorney General of the EuCJ

New legal opinion states that new methods of genetic engineering such as genome editing must be regulated under the current EU Directive 2001/18. […]

Statement on Gene Drives by the Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board

The Norwegian Biotechnology Advisory Board recommends a moratorium on the use of gene drives until international regulations for handling and risk assessment are in place. […]

New Zealand’s Regulation of Gene Editing and Synthetic Biology and the Need for Strengthened Regulatory Regimes

The Sustainability Council of New Zealand highlights important elements in the country’s biosafety law for good governance of GMOs, gene editing and synthetic biology,stressing the importance of strengthening national and international biosafety regimes. […]

GM Cotton in Africa: Battleground Between US and Chinese Capital

This report provides an overview of the GM cotton push in in East and Southern Africa, within the context of the global and regional cotton markets. […]

EPA Called to Start Monitoring Synergistic Effects of Pesticides

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of the Inspector General has released a report recommending that before approving pesticides, the agency should first assess the enhanced toxicity caused by interactions of pesticide mixtures. […]

Concerns Over Impacts of Mozambique’s Field Testing of GM Maize

A new report provides an analysis of the changes made to Mozambique’s biosafety legislation which has consequently allowed field trials of drought-tolerant GM maize to take place, and cites concerns over biosafety and farmers’ rights. […]

European Parliament Passes Resolutions Objecting to GM Maize and Cotton Imports

The European Parliament has passed resolutions objecting to the import of GM herbicide-resistant maize and cotton, citing concerns over harmful herbicide residues and calling for an overhaul of the EU GMO authorisation procedure. […]

GM Maize Found Growing Illegally in Bolivia

Genetically modified Roundup Ready maize has been reportedly found growing illegally in the Bolivian village of Charagua, posing a potential threat to native varieties of maize. […]