The challenge for countries, especially developing countries and countries with economies in transition, is the formulation of national policies and regulatory frameworks to ensure biosafety. The holistic approach to biosafety encompasses scientific, ecological, health, social, economic, cultural and ethical dimensions in the context of the precautionary principle. It also requires a long term perspective in assessing technology and its products.
A comprehensive biosafety policy will need to be accompanied by and integrated with policies in other related fields such as agriculture, science and technology, industrial development, health, biodiversity and environmental protection. An important element would be options for non-gene technology approaches to achieving a stated objective such as increased agricultural productivity, pest and disease management or environmental remediation. For developing countries with limited resources and/or alternative knowledge and practices in farming and health systems, this approach can be both cost-effective and ensures the further strengthening of national capacities and sovereignty over food, nutrition and health. A regulatory framework includes a national law, subsidiary regulations, administrative measures and implementation/enforcement mechanisms. Underlying this is the generation and flow of information and knowledge on biosafety that can be part of the public domain to ensure public participation and ever-deepening understanding and implementation of biosafety.
This section provides some information on the experiences of countries and regions.

Mexico Defends Its Restrictions on US GM Corn with Science

Mexico has presented hundreds of academic studies that show cause for concern about human health and the threat to native corn diversity, in defense of its restrictions on GM corn from the US. […]

French Health and Food Safety Agency Recommends Pre-Market Assessment of New GM Plants

The French National Agency for Food, Environmental and Occupational Health Safety (ANSES) calls for new GM plants to be assessed for health and environmental risks on a case-by-case basis before being placing on the market. […]

US Federal Court Rescinds EPA’s Approval of Dicamba Herbicide

A US federal court recently rescinded the U.S. EPA 2020 approval of the highly volatile herbicide dicamba for use on certain GM crops. […]

Precautionary Principle Central to Regulation on Plants from New Genomic Techniques

The precautionary principle must remain central in a science-based regulation in line with the existing EU laws as the prerequisite for the use of plants obtained by certain new genetic techniques. […]

Impacts of Transgene Contamination on Small Farmers in South Africa

Transgene contamination of local seed systems and farmers’ fields in South Africa is common, but under-reported and can negatively impact agrobiodiversity, food security, farming practices, and traditional seed saving and exchange systems. […]

EU Path of Deregulation of NGTs Carries Environmental and Health Risks

This study shows that the path of the proposal to deregulate plants made with new genomic techniques n the EU carries health and environmental risks. […]

Game-changer for regulation of genome editing and new tech in South Africa

The South African Minister of Agriculture has made a final decision that the risk assessment framework existing for GMOs will also apply to new genetic engineering techniques. […]

French Food Safety Agency Says Proposal to Deregulate New GMOs Has No Scientific Basis

The French food safety agency has dismissed the European Commission’s claim that GMOs produced by new genomic techniques are equivalent to conventional plants, thereby justifying deregulating them, as having no scientific basis. […]

Experts Categorically Oppose Proposal to Deregulate New GE Plants in the EU

Experts have issued statements categorically opposing the European Commission’s proposal to deregulate plants produced with new genomic techniques (NGTs). […]

Ministers Withhold Support for EU Presidency’s Proposal to Deregulate New GMOs

Europe’s agriculture ministers have challenged the Spanish presidency’s proposal to widely deregulate GMO plants made using new genomic techniques. […]