The challenge for countries, especially developing countries and countries with economies in transition, is the formulation of national policies and regulatory frameworks to ensure biosafety. The holistic approach to biosafety encompasses scientific, ecological, health, social, economic, cultural and ethical dimensions in the context of the precautionary principle. It also requires a long term perspective in assessing technology and its products.
A comprehensive biosafety policy will need to be accompanied by and integrated with policies in other related fields such as agriculture, science and technology, industrial development, health, biodiversity and environmental protection. An important element would be options for non-gene technology approaches to achieving a stated objective such as increased agricultural productivity, pest and disease management or environmental remediation. For developing countries with limited resources and/or alternative knowledge and practices in farming and health systems, this approach can be both cost-effective and ensures the further strengthening of national capacities and sovereignty over food, nutrition and health. A regulatory framework includes a national law, subsidiary regulations, administrative measures and implementation/enforcement mechanisms. Underlying this is the generation and flow of information and knowledge on biosafety that can be part of the public domain to ensure public participation and ever-deepening understanding and implementation of biosafety.
This section provides some information on the experiences of countries and regions.

Hungary Stands Firm on GM-free Agriculture

Hungary maintains its stand for GMO-free agriculture in the country, against the backdrop of proposed new regulations in the European Union on new genomic techniques. […]

Opinion: The US assault on Mexico’s food sovereignty

The US government has escalated its conflict with Mexico over the latter’s restrictions on GM corn, but the Mexican government shows no sign of backing down, providing ample scientific and other justifications. […]

Mexico-US Deadlock over Mexico’s Restrictions on GM maize

The U.S. has filed a complaint against Mexico’s restriction on the use of GM maize, but Mexico is reserving its right to take precautionary measures it considers important to protect public health and the environment, including the genetic integrity of its native maize. […]

Philippines Supreme Court Issues Writ on Golden Rice and Bt Eggplant

The Supreme Court of the Philippines has issued a Writ of Kalikasan in response to a petition to stop the commercial propagation of the genetically modified crops Golden Rice and Bt Eggplant in the country. […]

Environment ministers challenge the Commission’s upcoming proposal on new GMOs

Several European environment ministers have raised concerns about the Commissions’ proposals to exclude new GMOs from the EU’s current biosafety laws. […]

Moving Beyond the Genome to Systems Thinking for African Agriculture

Call for a move beyond focusing on genome editing towards systems‐level thinking for Africa, by prioritizing the co‐development of technologies with farmers and acknowledging that seeds are components of complex and dynamic agroecological systems […]

Plants from New Genomic Techniques Carry Similar or Higher Risk Than Older GM Varieties

The German Federal Agency for Nature Conservation has concluded that plants derived from new genomic techniques have a similar or even greater risk potential than plants obtained from older genetic engineering techniques. […]

Swiss Lower House Extends Moratorium over GM Plants in Agriculture

The Swiss National Council, which is the lower house of the Swiss Federal Assembly, has extended the moratorium on the cultivation of genetically modified (including gene-edited) plants in agriculture by another four years until the end of 2025. […]

Do Not Release Gene Drive Organisms, says European Parliament

The European Parliament has called for gene drive organisms not to be released into the environment, in line with the precautionary principle. […]

Peru extends GMO moratorium, Mexico phases out glyphosate and GM maize in food, disallows GM maize releases

Peru extends its moratorium on the import and production of GMOs for environmental release to 2035, while Mexico phases out glyphosate and GM maize in food, and disallows GM maize releases into the environment. […]